The focus of this course is to examine the theory, law and practices of transnational courts. The rapid proliferation of these new international courts constitutes one of the most remarkable changes in international law. Although traditional international courts have served the regions well in the past, new regional integration agreements demand these new specialized courts to ensure uniformity, a predictable economic climate, and adherence to the rule of law. Factors such as increased cross-border movement of goods and services, financial interdependence, and instant communication necessitates familiarity with their various legal practices. Students will examine the expanding judicial roles these new international courts are called upon to play and their influence in reshaping states behavior. Students will also acquire knowledge of the institutional and procedural aspects of these courts, and assess their advantages and disadvantages.